I am the good shepherd; I know my sheep and my sheep know me—just as the Father knows me and I know the Father—and I lay down my life for the sheep (John 10:14-15).
Definite redemption, sometimes called
“particular redemption,” and effective atonement,” is an historic
doctrine about the intention of the triune God in the death of Jesus
Christ. Without doubting the infinite worth of Christ’s sacrifice or the
genuineness of God’s “whoever will” invitation to all who hear the gospel
(Rev. 22:17), the doctrine states that the death of Christ actually put
away the sins of all God’s elect and ensured that they would be brought
to faith through regeneration and kept in faith for glory, and that
this is what it was intended to achieve. From this definiteness and
effectiveness follows its limitedness: Christ did not die in this
efficacious sense for everyone. The proof of that, as Scripture and
experience unite to teach us, is that not all are saved.